Sunday, May 24, 2020
Human Resource Management | | | * Historical perspective of Human Resource Management Ã¢â¬â From personnel management to Human Resources Management * Human Resource Management and Social Justice for Welfarism * Human Resource Management and Bureaucracy * Human Resource Management and Union-Negotiation * Human Resource Management and Organization * Human Resource Management Perspective A) Historical perspective of Human Resource Management Ã¢â¬â From personnel management to Human Resources Management Human resource management has changed in name various times throughout history. The name change was mainly due to the change in social and economic activities throughout history. Torrington et al identify sixÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Human resource management is the basis of all management activity. Management is about effective utilization of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s people to make things happen in a productive and efficient way so that the organization prospers and the people thrive. Managing people is a complicated field of activity which requires the application of a wide range of knowledge and skill. It is a well known fact that committed employees are key factors in a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s development and economic success. Torrington (2005) proposed the following evolutionary stages for the development of human resource management: * Social Justice: In the late 19th and 20th century, some large employers began to appoint welfare officers to manage new initiatives designed to make life less harsh for their employees. The results were higher productivity, improved retention of the work force and a bigger pool of applicants for each job. The more obvious welfare initiatives promoted by employers today include employee assistance schemes, child care facilities and health screening programmes. * Human bureaucracy: This marked the beginning of a move away from a sole focus on welfare towards meeting various other organizational objectives. C) Human Resource Management and Bureaucracy Two contrasting human resource management models, bureaucratic and strategic, are represented by polar configurations of theShow MoreRelatedHuman Resources Management : Human Resource Management1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa business efficiently? Human Resource Management (HRM). Human Resources is the solid foundation that practically oversees the entire organization, whether its managing employees to surveilling the progress of every single department. There are six principle functions that Human Resource take into account: employee relations, recruitment, compliance, compensation and benefits, training and development, and safety (policies/regulations). Over time Human Resource Management has taken a new role intoRead MoreHuman Resources Management And Human Resource Management2123 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIntroduction The study of human resource management becomes a major topic of the science of management at the beginning of 20th century and keeps attracting researchersÃ¢â¬â¢ attention (Merkle, 1980). The new models of human resource management derive from the advance of management theories and the accumulation of practices and experiences. With the development of global economy, the economic situation of each country deeply affects the world and becomes closely connected. In addition, the needs of customersRead MoreHuman Resources Management : Human Resource Management1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman Resources Management Hilti continues to grasp on success and expand globally, but their path werenÃ¢â¬â¢t always well defined. The company began in 1941 and historically theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve kept to traditional strategies when it came to recognizing human resource requirements. In the early 2000Ã¢â¬â¢s, the company established a new set initiatives, aimed at doubling revenue and operating profits. Hilti also recognized that this type of growth would require invigorating ideas to employ human resourcing requirementsRead MoreHuman Resource Management And Human Resources Management941 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman Resources Management is one of the most important aspects of any organization, whether it be non-profit, not for profit, or profit. Human Resources Management is what makes it possible for a manager to be able to focus on their work and tasks at hand and not have to deal with lots of unneeded interpersonal activities. They are in charge of correctly evaluating the candidates that the managers will have to work with for the duration of the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s stay. They are responsible for makingRead MoreHuman Resources Management : Human Resource Management835 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman Resource Management Ã¢â¬Å"They humanize the brand and help workforce communities thriveÃ¢â¬ (Who). A human resource management position may be the job for you. Every business and enterprise has a human resource manager, including Starbucks, Disney and even Apple. This job includes planning and coordination, organization, consulting employees and to oversee the work and employees. All the schooling and stress that comes along with this occupation pays off in the end with an enjoyable job. HumanRead MoreHuman Resources Management : Human Resource Management1398 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Human Resource Management Overview Tanya Phillips Dr. Andrea Scott, PhD HSA 320, Strayer University October 31, 2016 Human Resources Management Overview Human resources (HR) is the different kinds of clinical and nonclinical responsibilities for public and individual health involvement. The benefits and performance the system can deliver depends upon the knowledge, skills and motivation of those responsible for providing health services. Human resource managers donÃ¢â¬â¢t directlyRead MoreHuman Resources Management : Human Resource Management2534 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesIn most cases managers look at human resource management as an expense to a company rather than a source of benefit to the company however, research has proved that human resource management practices can be of greater value. Valuable decisions such as whom to recruit, what package to offer, the training necessary for the new recruits and how to assess employee performance directly affects the employee motivation and as such do affect the ability of the employee to provide products which the consumersRead MoreHuman Resources Management : Human Resource Management95 8 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman Resource Management Overview As we all know when it comes to every business and organization that is out there, they all need help from Human Resources to continue to help the company grow. What is human resource management? Well Human Resource Management is the overall process that deals with how Human Resources manages their employees as well as different issues that can come across within the organization. Human Resource Management are in charge of different tasks including recruiting asRead MoreHuman Resources Management : Human Resource Management820 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman Resources Management Proper Planning is one of the most important aspects of human resource management. Without proper execution of plans, the particular needs of an organization that are the responsibility of human resources will not be reached, and therefore, will fall short of what is necessary for meeting the goals of an organization (DeCenzo, Robbins Verhulst 2013).There are many facets a human resource manager must be familiar with in order to run an organization. The functions of humanRead MoreHuman Resource Management : Human Resources Management1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand research with my family, I decided to go into human resource management, specifically in a hospital. Many people questioned and often said Ã¢â¬Å"Why human resource management?Ã¢â¬ My answer, I chose human resource managers because I believe they are a vital part of a hospitals success. They make the plans, they direct the staff and they coordinate how people work together and where they need to be. Throughout this paper , I will describe human resource managers- what they do, what are the requirements
Thursday, May 14, 2020
It appears that the largest conflict surrounding William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Julius Caesar seems to be the uncertainty concerning the exact role that Caesar himself is meant to fulfill within the play. It is truly unknown whether he was meant to be the domineering tyrant that need desperately to be stopped in the interest of the greater good or the vulnerable victim of BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢ lineage-driven self righteousness. The unknown significance of CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s hearing impediment and his disregard for both the prophecy and letter regarding his death only obscures his already indeterminate role even further. In his essay, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËWisdom Consumed in ConfidenceÃ¢â¬â¢: An Examination of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Julius CaesarÃ¢â¬ , Douglas L. Peterson attempts to address these two largeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The first belief he discusses is one in which CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s statement is to be read figuratively. Caesar does not pretend to be hard of hearing and is not truly deaf. Instead, he is simply telling Antony that if he supports Caesar and wishes to reap the benefits that shall come from the affiliation, then he should remain on CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s good side (Peterson). This belief does not seem overly unreasonable, as the proposed interpretation fits coherently within the conversation being held between Caesar and Antony at the time. Yet, Peterson does not seem convinced. He then introduces a second popular belief surrounding CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s ear, that his partial deafness comes as a result of the epileptic seizure he suffered earlier on in the play (Peterson). It was a common belief at the time of Shakespeare that temporary deafness that occurs as the result of an epileptic seizure affects the left ear more often than not. Peterson finds this belief to be the most agreeable, yet still does not commit to it as the most correct interpretation. The final belief that he explains seems to sit most comfortably with him. This final belief explains how Caesar s poke his line about being deaf proverbially to express his belief that AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s estimation of Cassius is vacuous. A common proverb of the Elizabethan Era of Shakespeare used the imagery of being partially deaf to show disregard for an opinion that is not sensible andShow MoreRelatedHonor : A Tragic Hero1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTragedy of Julius Caesar, Brutus takes the role of the tragic hero. BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢s honor, nobility, and self-righteousness makes him Ã¢â¬Å"a tragic figure, if not the heroÃ¢â¬ (Catherine C. Dominic). As the play opens, Brutus is known as a Roman nobleman and a member of one of the most illustrious families in Rome. He is first seen in Act I, scene ii, as one of CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"close friendsÃ¢â¬ who is part of his entourage. But while alone with Cassius he is persuaded into taking a part in the assassination of Caesar. He isRead MoreComparision of Alexander the Great and Augustus Ceasar2530 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAlexander thought of himself as the son of Greek god Zeus. Augustus was the first emperor of Rome who brought peace and stability to the Roman Empire. He was the grandson of the sister of Julius Caesar. His original name was Caius Octavius, but when he was adopted by the Julian gens (44 B.C.) he became Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian). He was named (given the title) Augustus later when he became the First Emperor or Rome by the senate. Augustus was seen as both a military leader as well as a religiousRead MoreEmersons Self Reliance5249 Words Ã |Ã 21 PagesR.W. Emersons Self-Reliance The essay has three major divisions: the importance of self-reliance (paragraphs 1-17), self-reliance and the individual (paragraphs 18-32), and self-reliance and society (paragraphs 33-50). As a whole, it promotes self-reliance as an ideal, even a virtue, and contrasts it with various modes of dependence or conformity. Self-Reliance Paragraphs 1-17. The Importance of Self-Reliance. Emerson begins his major work on individualism by asserting the importance ofRead More Comparing the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire Essay2782 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesto power through the removal of city-states and a Republic governed by a group of aristocratic consuls and Senate; instead, once the Roman Empire started to grow and become more powerful, an authoritarian monarchy ruled the people. For example, Julius CaesarsÃ¢â¬â¢ son, Augustus, concentrated authority within the period of peace and minimal military expansion known as the Pax Romana. Emperors such as Augustus were known to be semi divine, but unlike the HanÃ¢â¬â¢s Mandate of Heaven, the Romans were civil rulersRead MoreThe New Hero of Aeneas Essay2008 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagestoil of beginning the life of Rome (I, 33). Once again, when Venus complains that her son Aeneas is unjustly treated, Jupiter replies not only by promising that all will be well for Aeneas but by giving a prophetic sketch of Roman history to Juli us Caesar. This reward, which the ancestor is to receive, is much more than his own success or glory, more even than his settlement in Italy. It is the assurance of the Roman destiny, of universal and unending dominion: To Romans I set no boundary in
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Religion and the U.S. Constitution HIST 121 - American History to 1877 May 2008 THESIS: The Constitution reflects our founderÃ¢â¬â¢s views of a secular government, protecting the freedom of any belief or unbelief. Some will argue religion, specifically Christianity, played a large role in the creation of this great nationÃ¢â¬â¢s government, the United States Constitution; however the facts reveal otherwise. The historian, Robert Middlekauff, observed, the idea that the Constitution expressed a moral view seems absurd. There were no genuine evangelicals in the Convention, and there were no heated declarations of Christian piety.1 INTRODUCTION: When the Constitution was submitted to the American public, many peopleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In fact, nowhere in the Constitution do we have a single mention of Christianity, God, Jesus, or any Supreme Being. There occurs only two references to religion and they both use exclusionary wording. The 1st Amendment s says, Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. . . and in Article VI, Section 3, ...no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States. Thomas Jefferson interpreted the 1st Amendment in his famous letter to the Danbury Baptist Association in January 1, 1802: I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, thus building a wall of separation between church and State.5 Some Religious activists try to extric ate the concept of separation between church and State by claiming that those words do not occur in the Constitution. Indeed they do not, but neither does it exactly say freedom of religion, yet the First Amendment implies both. James Madison, perhaps the greatest supporter for separation of church and State, and whom many refer to as the father of the Constitution, also held similar views which he expressed in his letter to EdwardShow MoreRelated Freedom from Religion: Perversion of the U.S. Constitution Essay2416 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIn the two hundred and thirteen years since its ratification, the U.S. Constitution has been the very spine of AmericaÃ¢â¬âthe single-most effective element in the preservation of her sacred liberties. Contained therein are the revolutionary ideals of its framers, influenced by the precepts of Enlightenment and spurred on by their own experiences in the perils of tyrannical oppression. Thus the preservation of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s sacred freedoms has been the result of a strict adherence to the forefathersÃ¢â¬â¢ insightsRead MoreUtopia Vs Constitution1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBoth Sir Thomas MoreÃ¢â¬â¢s Utopia and the United States Constitution outline a form of government. There are similarities and differences between the two governments. Utopia, which translates to Greek for Ã¢â¬Å"no placeÃ¢â¬ , describes an idealistic form of government where money and private property do not exist. The United States Constitution, on the other hand, illustrates a balanced government and justice system that protects and gives power to the people. Both forms of government have equal gender rightsRead MoreDifferences Between The United States Constitution And The Costa Rican Constitution945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmost thought worthy point in this Constitution Day Program was when they mentioned that the only way to truly understand oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own government, other governments must be studied and explored. Otherwise, everything ca n be exploited or disrespected in their own government. Throughout the program the main topic that is discussed is the similarities and the differences between the United States constitution and the Costa Rican constitution. With the two constitutions there is only a fifteen to twentyRead MoreThe World Was Made By Native American Origins And The Sky Tree1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestradition was spiritual stories, such as who was the creator of the Earth. Civic documents are present in present day such as the Constitution of the United States or the Iroquois Constitution. They did share similarities such as in each spiritual story Earth started as water but differences such as religion based constitutions versus non religion based constitutions also existed. Many stories have been created explaining who actually created the Earth. Popular creation stories are Ã¢â¬Å"How the WorldRead MoreThe Treaty Of The Constitution Essay1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1787, delegates from 13 states met in Philadelphia to write what was later to become the U.S. Constitution. This draft specifically stated what the government would do but it did not state what it couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t do. This became a major hurdle for the ratification of the constitution. For more than four years, there was much debate over the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. The Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need to include a Bill of individual rights and the Anti-Federalists refusedRead MoreThe History Of America Research Paper909 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbetween the Enlightenment and the U.S. Constitution, the Northwest Ordinance and the Bill of Rights, plus the Magna Carta and the Northwest Ordinance are substantial and played a crucial role in shaping the United State s as it is today. Ã Ã Ã During the Enlightenment a notable philosophe and public figure by the name of Montesquieu wrote a book by the name Ã¢â¬Å"The Spirit Of The LawsÃ¢â¬ . Ã This book came out in 1749, 38 years before the U.S. Constitution. While the U.S. Constitution was created 38 years later,Read MoreSame Sex Marriage Is The Legal Union Essay1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswith those who it directly affects the most, homosexuals. If the U.S were to make same sex marriage legal in all fifty states would it really cause problems among society? The only way it would create problems, is amongst those who oppose it, but the U.S law cannot be biased to only a certain portion of their society. Denying gays the right to become legally married is showing the U.S defines their law based on religion, denies gays marriage and financial benefits and also denies same-sexRead MoreThe Declaration Of Independence And The United States895 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThroughout the history of our country there are a handful of documents that have stood the test of time, however the documents that have remained relevant are ever more important today then when they were originally drafted. The U.S. Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, and Thomas JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s Letter to the Danbury Baptist Church are three documents that are still hold relevance in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s societal discussions. These three documents hold truths, principals and ideologies that were and areRead MoreCivil Liberties And Civil Rights931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCivil liberties and civil rights are both similar and different in various ways by means of the United States Constitution, court cases, and legislation. Civil liberties are a constitutional guarantee while civil rights are a government gua rantee for the people of America. Though they are much alike in providing people with freedom and individual power, it is important to know the differences. Firstly, civil liberties are constitutional guarantees based on freedom and order. Order comes along withRead MoreThe Prayer On Public Schools1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshas been the focal point of an ongoing debate about the position of religion in American civilization. The question of the legality of prayer in public schools brings together a number of important notions in American government and legal philosophy. Opponents and proponents of school prayer set forth their arguments in such major constitutional issues as the separation of church and state, the right to free exercise of religion, and the respective powers of local, state, and national governments
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Answer: Brainstorming This is a technique which is applied in various organizations in order to generate new and unique ideas. Brainstorming is generally used before starting a project. This is done by following a process of group discussion where everyone present in the organization places their own perception to develop a new project (Gallagher, 2013). This clarifies any problem or doubt that took place while planning about the project. A successful brainstorming session considers the suggestion of every person participating in the discussion to be valid. Most of the brainstorming sessions are considered to be unstructured. Multiple ideas are gathered. The best idea is selected among these ideas. People are encouraged to appreciate the other participants rather than criticizing them in the brainstorming session. Brainstorming sessions boost people to think in a free way and evaluate ideas (Wilson, 2013). A good example of brainstorming session is the general meeting that takes place in a software develo pment company like Microsoft. This can also be considered to be a technique that can be used in a conference. People do not give ideas on a usual basis in an organization. Brainstorming sessions brings out the innovative side of each person very clearly (Keeney, 2012). Certain rules can be followed in order to generate good ideas and these rules can be helpful for introvert people to open up and give ideas during the session. Trial and Error This is a technique that can be used to solve complex and difficult issues and problems. Trial and error technique or method can be used in order to solve those problems that can have multiple chances or choices to come to a single solution (Garrett, 2013). This methodology cannot be used to solve problems where multiple alternatives are not present. Trial and error techniques cannot be used in cases where a doctor is carrying out an operation on a patient or in case of bomb diffusion. This method is useful in gaining knowledge. Suppose there are several alternatives to reach a solution in that case, the researcher can use each of the alternatives and check the result (Berkeley, 2013). The option that gives the correct result is selected. If the one option does not give the desired result then the next option can be tried out. Mechanical and engineering problems are most of the time solved by using this trial and error methodology. This technique is not used for getting the best resu lt but it is used for simply finding a solution (Ruediger et al., 2012). It needs a lot of patience. A very good example of this technique is the attempts made by engineers of aircrafts to break the barrier of sound. An example of trial and error in the IT industry is the testing that is done after developing software. References Berkeley, A., 2013.Trial and error. Arcturus Publishing. Gallagher, S., 2013.Brainstorming: Views and interviews on the mind. Andrews UK Limited. Garrett, B.L., 2013. Trial and error.Wrongful convictions and miscarriages of justice: Causes and remedies in North American and European Criminal Justice Systems, p.77. Keeney, R.L., 2012. Value-focused brainstorming.Decision Analysis,9(4), pp.303-313. Ruediger, S., Spirig, D., Donato, F. and Caroni, P., 2012. Goal-oriented searching mediated by ventral hippocampus early in trial-and-error learning.Nature neuroscience,15(11), pp.1563-1571. Wilson, C., 2013.Brainstorming and beyond: a user-centered design method. Newnes.
Monday, April 6, 2020
A Surprising Tip to Finding Your Ideal Career Embarking on the path to find a new career can be daunting. You can purse anything and everything, which seemsÃ excitingÃ¢â¬âbut for many, the idea of too many choices and directions adds more layers of stress. How do you narrow down the possibilities? Start by making a list titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Professional Activities I Hate.Ã¢â¬ Seem unproductive? Why be negative from the start? Well, when you can go in only a few of seemingly limitless options, itÃ¢â¬â¢s helpful to have a method of elimination. That way, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste your time pursuing career paths that might ultimately leave you unhappy and unfulfilled.To start your list, think about daily activities you really despise. Do you hate to talk on the phone? Are you not a fan of sitting indoors and a computer for hours on end? Does being on your feet all day make you grumpy and exhausted? Do you love working closely with people, or do you prefer a solitary workspace? Writing down what you donÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ like (and thinkin g about why you donÃ¢â¬â¢t like these activities) will help clarify what you doÃ like.Avoiding from the get-go jobs that will leave you unsatisfied is a smart way to find a career you can thrive in for years to come. Take time now to pare down your options so you donÃ¢â¬â¢t waste it in the job hunting process!Trying To Find Your Passion? Figure Out What You HateRead More at idealistcareers.org
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Napoleon's control over Europe essays Napoleon was able to control most of Europe by 1807 due to many victories over countries in The Third Coalition, battle tactics such as surprise attacks which his opponents did not know how to deal with, and his own sheer brilliance and intelligence. Napoleon was able to use his intelligence in negotiation as well as the battle field. In 1805 Britain, Russia, Austria and Sweden formed The Third Coalition. Fearing the monarchical pretensions and territorial greediness of Napoleon I (wsu.edu:8000/~dee/REV/NAPOLEAN.HTM). This coalition was intended to force France and Napoleons Empire back to the size it was, before the revolution. Despite being led by Britain, the coalition was a failure. Napoleons original plans were to invade England, but he decided to destroy this new threat to his supremacy on land (Two centuries: A profile of modern history, page 83) by overthrowing the Third coalition. Napoleon did this by marching his army swiftly into Germany, not only surprising the Austrian army but encountering them with battle techniques such as surprise attacks, and artillery and infantry co-ordination, which they did not know how to deal with, resulting in their surrender at Ulm. In November he had occupied Vienna, the Hasburg capital and on December 2, 1805, he defeated the Austrians and Russians at the Battle of Austerlitz (sparknotes.com/biography/napoleon/section6.rhtml) by once again using battle techniques that they did not know how to deal with. This victory gave Austria no other option but to accept the Peace of Pressburg, in which they were forced to cede all of Italy north of Rome to him. (wsu.edu:8000/~dee/REV/NAPOLEAN.HTM) Napoleon added it to his Kingdom of Italy (Two centuries: A profile of modern history, page 83) and he then had himself crowned king...
Friday, February 21, 2020
How the IT effect Management - Research Paper Example According to, the management expertÃ Peter DruckerÃ (1909-2005)(BusinessDictionary.com, 2012), the centralÃ taskÃ of management includes both the factors of marketing and innovation.Ã Management comprises of the interrelatedÃ functionsÃ of creatingÃ corporate policyÃ andÃ planning, organizing, controlling, andÃ directingÃ anÃ organization'sÃ resources, towards the path of achieving the end goals and objectives of thatÃ policy, such as productivity and increase in sales, expansion etc. The Managers and Directors are in the controlling position and they also have theÃ authoritative powerÃ andÃ responsibility, to control human and material resources, making layouts and if change is the best option, then planning, executing and implementing the change process, to achieve efficiency and affectivity both. The managers have the insight and experience to create a vision for the organization, using Information Technology as a tool and a guiding force. TheÃ sizeÃ of management can varyÃ from oneÃ personÃ in a small organization, to a host of managerial positions in multinationalÃ companies. ... Information Technology: Information Technology (I.T) are the Standard Set ofÃ certain specified tools, processes, andÃ methodologies, such as: programming or coding,Ã Ã dataÃ conversion,Ã data communications, storageÃ and retrieval, and more elaborately speaking, system control, systems analysisÃ andÃ design etc, that along withÃ associatedÃ equipmentÃ employedÃ to collect,Ã process, and presentÃ information. In wide-rangingÃ terms, IT also includesÃ multimedia, office automation andÃ telecommunications (BusinessDictionary.com, 2012). Various Aspects of Management and their relationship with Information Technology: Project Management, Human resource management, Change management etc. 1) Relationship between Information Technology and Project Management: Project Management can be defined by the PMI (Project Management Institute) as, applying and dedicating expertise, tools, knowledge, skills and techniques to project activities to fulfill the projec tÃ¢â¬â¢s requirements (PMI, 2004, p.368, as cited in LeBlanc, 2008)). Project managers are the ones, who are responsible for the project activities, its starting and end date, they are crucial to the project from start to finish. Whether, it is delivering a service, product or increasing the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity and sales etc. The fastest growing industry, especially in the developing countries is the Information Technology sector. No organization can prosper or grow without having a strong and competitive I.T department. But as the demand for I.T is increasing, so is the need for strong project managers, as the two go hand in hand. Mostly I.T projects fail due to estimated and actual cost over-run, which is due to lack of